Since the founding of the first Samba School called “Deixa Falar” in 1928, Samba Schools evolved tremendously in terms of structure and organization. Today, some schools like Mangueira, Unidos da Tijuca, and Beija-Flor clearly resemble modern companies with several departments, sub-divisions and strategic partnerships. Samba Schools in Rio have a devoted group of enthusiastic supporters, official headquarters, working facilities called Barracão – “big shed” and rehearsing facilities “Quadra”, where followers meet and prepare for the next Carnaval. Just like American corporations, São Paulo and Rio Samba Schools also have a formal management, logo & flag, constituted legal status and defined organizational structure. Most of them have also developed social entities to support low income communities where they are established. Later on, the Deixa Falar group split up and re-organized under the name of Estacio de Sa. The schools create a spirit of fraternity among the people of the community. Many schools have political involvements and are well-organized bodies that function in the slums. Carnival preparations, Samba nights and other rehearsals call for the participation of masses of people. Competitions gained an important place in Rio Carnival and Samba history in the early 19th century. In 1929, Deixa Falar paraded on the grounds of Praca Onze. In the subsequent year, five schools followed suite but Deixa Falar ended up wining consecutively for two years. As the years went by, the number of contestants in the parade increased to about nineteen. ’O Globo’ which is the largest Brazilian media group sponsored the parades in 1932 and 1933. This group created a judges list of criteria for judging parades at the Carnival. In 1953 UGESB and FBESAssociation of Schools of Samba City in Rio de Janeiro,merged as LIESA, an association of samba schools from the premier league which became know in Portuguese as Grupo Especial. In 2008, LESGA was created, representing schools from the access league. LIESA inspired the creation of similar bodies in other cities, such as LIGA-SP. In 1984, Rio de Janeiro governor Leonel Brizola dedicated the Sambadrome, a special space for the parading of samba schools. Years later, in São Paulo, Mayor Luiza Erundinadid the same, creating the Anhembi Sambadrome. Today, many other cities throughout the country also have their Sambadromes, including Manaus and in 1993 its parade was broadcast for the first time
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